Material for review by roster members

Published: August 10, 2022

Roster members seeking authorization in any area of law are expected to review and be familiar with the Law Society Act and The Law Society of Ontario’s Rules of Professional Conduct.

Contents

  1. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in Gladue matters
  2. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in general immigration and refugee law
  3. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in appellate immigration and refugee law
  4. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in criminal mental health matters
  5. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in youth criminal law
  6. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in family law
  7. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in child protection matters
  8. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in general criminal law matters
  9. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in health law consent and capacity matters
  10. Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in extremely serious criminal law matters

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in Gladue matters

A roster member must attest to having reviewed the following material:

  • The Criminal Code of Canada, including sections 2(e) and 113, and 493.2 (Aboriginal accused or vulnerable populations)
  • The Youth Criminal Justice Act, including section 38(2)(d)
  • The Canada Evidence Act
  • Significant leading and current jurisprudence including:
    • v. Gladue, [1999] 1 S.C.R. 688
    • v. Silversmith, [2008] O.J. No. 4646
    • v. Brant, [2008] O.J. No. 5375
    • v. Batisse, 2009 ONCA 114
    • v. Robinson, 2009 ONCA 205
    • R Jacko, 2010 ONCA 452
    • v. Ipeelee, [2012] 1 S.C.R. 433
    • v. Bauer, 2013 ONCA 691
    • v. Armitage, 2015 ONCJ 64
    • v. Spence, 2015 ONSC 1692
    • v. Kreko, 2016 ONCA 367
  • LAO LAW memoranda including:
  • S10-37 Gladue Sentencing Submissions
  • S10-38 Aboriginal Offenders – Advocating For Alternatives to a Custodial Sentence
  • S10-39 Ontario Resources for Aboriginal Offenders
  • ZS10-74 Application of Gladue Principles
  • ZS10-47 Sentencing Aboriginal Offenders
  • ZP11-63 Application of Gladue Principles to Bail hearings
  • ZS10-26 Application of Gladue Factors Beyond Sentencing

 

 

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in general immigration and refugee law

 

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and associated regulations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees

Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Rules of the Refugee Protection Division, Immigration Division and the Immigration Appeal Division

IRB Chairperson’s Guidelines IRB Practice Notices Significant jurisprudence

UNHCR Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status

Canada Evidence Act Interpretation Act

Relevant chapters of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) Operational Instructions and Guidelines

Official Languages Act, Part III (Administration of Justice)

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in appellate immigration and refugee law

 

Materials for the Refugee and Immigration (General) roster authorization Rules of the Refugee Appeal Division

Federal Courts Act

Federal Court Rules

Federal Court Immigration and Refugee Protection Rules

Official Languages Act, Part III (Administration of Justice)

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in criminal mental health matters

Legislation and Court and Tribunal Resources:

  • Criminal Code Part XX.1 (Mental Disorder), as well as sections 16 and 2 of the code;
  • Youth Criminal Justice Act sections 34 and 146;
  • Mental Health Act sections 21 and 22 (orders for a mental disorder examination);
  • NCR and fitness hearings, treatment and “keep fit” orders, and applications to assess:
    • fitness to stand trial
    • not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder (NCR);
  • Ontario Review Board (ORB) Rules of Procedure[1];
  • Patient rights under the Ontario Mental Health Act (including Forms 1, 2, 6 and 8), Health Care Consent Act, and Personal Health Information Protection Act;
  • The processes, programs and services of Mental Health Court and associated court support workers;
  • Criminal Code Part XVII (Language of Accused), sections 530 – 533.

Community Resources:

  • The availability of local resources, including alternative treatment options and the extent of institutional services; the Psychiatric Patient Advocate Office and other organizations such as ConnexOntaro;
  • General familiarity with the essential types of mental disorders so as to allow for the practical application in the law, including sufficient knowledge to allow for review of diagnostic tools, medical/expert evidence and mental health resources

Jurisprudence:

Roster members who are authorized to provide criminal mental health legal services must be familiar with significant leading and current criminal law jurisprudence.

The following list highlights several important cases that criminal mental health lawyers should review:

  • Disease of the mind and criminal responsibility:
    • Cooper v. The Queen [1980] 1 S.C.R. 1149
    • v. Swain, [1991] 1 S.C.R. 933 (NCR)
  • Fitness:
    • v. Taylor, [1992] 77 C.C.C. (3d) 551 (Ont. C.A.)
    • v. Morrissey 2007 ONCA 770 (CanLII)
  • ORB caselaw:
    • Winko v. British Columbia (Forensic Psychiatric Institute), [1999] 2 SCR 62521
    • Pinet v. St. Thomas Psychiatric Hospital [2004] 1 SCR 528

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in youth criminal law

Legislation:

The Youth Criminal Justice Act, S.C. 2002, c.1

The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) creates a separate and unique system for youth criminal justice that has many features not found in the adult criminal justice system. The Supreme Court of Canada has said that the underlying principle of diminished moral blameworthiness has Charter significance. Knowledge and understanding of the following provisions are essential for beginning ethical practice in youth criminal justice.

The YCJA has been developed in recognition of the unique developmental realities of adolescence, a focus on rehabilitation and reintegration and meaningful consequences. Young people have enhanced protection of their rights, and the specialized legislation creates unique law, process, and systems.

  • Preamble
  • Section 3: principles
  • Sections 1-12: unique definitions
  • Section 25 – 33: right to counsel, notice to parents, attendance, bail
  • Section 35: Referral to Child Welfare Agency
  • Section 38-42: Sentencing provisions
  • Section 48: reasons have to be given for sentence
  • Section 55: Conditions that can be in the order
  • Sections 59-60: sentence reviews
  • Section 82: proper advice to young person after sentence
  • Sections 114-120: primary records sections
  • Sections 146- 147: statements

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Can. T.S. 1992 No. 3

  • Preamble
  • Articles 1-3, 12, 16, 16, 37, 40

The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (“Beijing Rules”) (adopted by General Assembly Resolution A/RES/40/33 on November 29, 1985)

  • Sections 5, 13, 17 and 19

Criminal Code Part XVII (Language of Accused), sections 530 – 533.

Jurisprudence:

Roster members who are authorized to provide criminal – youth criminal legal services must be familiar with significant leading and current jurisprudence.

The following list highlights several important cases that criminal – youth criminal lawyers should review:

  • v. D.B. [2008] 2 S.C.R. 3; 2008 SCC 25. – diminished moral culpability
  • v. B.W.P.; R. v. B.V.N., [2006] 1 S.C.R. 941. – general deterrence not applicable
  • v. L.T.H. 2008 SCC 49. – enhanced protections for statements
  • v. A.M., 2008 SCC 19 – school searches allowed in some contexts
  • v. Jarvis, 2019 SCC 10 – privacy rights of a youth at school
  • v. K.J.M. 2018 ABCA 278 – 11b in youth context (under review by SCC)
  • v. S.A.C., 2008 SCC 47 – custody gateway – when is custody an available sentence
  • v. R.D. 2010 ONCA 899. – bail – what is a « responsible person »
  • S. v. N.B. (2005), 195 C.C.C. (3d) 481. – special records protections –some explanation
  • Toronto Star Newspaper Ltd v. Ontario, 2012 ONCJ 27. – no public access to specific records
  • v. T.B.-J., 2017 ONCA 746. – young person taking substantial rehab efforts on their own

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in family law

Legislation

Roster members should have knowledge of the following legislation:

  • The Family Law Act
  • The Children’s Law Reform Act, including the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
  • The Divorce Act, including s. 23.2(1) (Official languages)
  • The Family Responsibility and Support Arrears Enforcement Act
  • The Interjurisdictional Support Orders Act
  • The Child Support Guidelines (regulation under the Family Law Act)
  • The Child Support Tables (available under the federal Divorce Act)
  • The Child, Youth and Family Services Act
  • An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families
  • The Family Law Rules
  • The Rules of Civil Procedure
  • The Evidence Act (federal and provincial)
  • The Legal Aid Services Act, 2020
  • The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
  • The Courts of Justice Act, including sections 51.2 (Use of official languages of courts) and sections 125 and 126 (Language)
  • Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
  • The Spousal Support Advisory Guidelines

Additional legislation that may be relevant includes:

  • The Marriage Act
  • The Partition Act
  • The Change of Name Act
  • The Fraudulent Conveyances Act
  • The Intercountry Adoption Act
  • The Arbitration Act
  • The Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act
  • The Bankruptcy Act
  • The Land Titles Act
  • The Criminal Code of Canada
  • The Youth Criminal Justice Act
  • The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
  • The Pension Benefits Division Act
  • The Pension Benefits Standards Act
  • The Succession Law Reform Act
  • The Income Tax Act

Significant Leading and Current Jurisprudence

Roster members who are authorized to provide family law services must be familiar with significant leading and current family law jurisprudence.

The following list highlights several important cases that family lawyers should review:

Parenting (Custody and Access):

  • Barendregt v. Grebliunas, 2022 SCC 22 (relocation; maximum contact principle)
  • Gordon v. Goertz, [1996] 2 SCR 27, 1996 CanLII 191 (SCC) (mobility, best interests of the child, variation of custody and access orders, material change in circumstances)
  • Young v. Young, 4 SCR 3, 1993 CanLII 34 (SCC) (religion, rights of an access parent, best interests of the child)
  • Kaplanis v. Kaplanis, 2005 CanLII 1625 (ON CA) (joint custody, best interests of the child)
  • Ladisa v. Ladisa, 2005 CanLII 1627 (ON CA) (joint custody, spousal support)
  • Linton v. Clarke, 1994 CanLII 8894 (ON SCDC) (custody and access assessment)

Child Support:

  • Colucci v. Colucci, 2021 SCC 24 (retroactive child support decrease, rescission of arrears)
  • B.S. v. S.R.G., [2006] 2 SCR 231, 2006 SCC 37 (CanLII) (retroactive child support)
  • Michel v. Graydon, 2020 SCC 24 (retroactive child support)
  • Lewi v. Lewi, 2006 CanLII 15446 (ON CA) (child support for adult children)
  • Park v. Thompson, 2005 CanLII 14132 (ON CA) (adult children)
  • Francis v. Baker, [1999] 3 SCR 250, 1999 CanLII 659 (SCC) (section 4 of the Guidelines)
  • Contino v. Leonelli-Contino, [2005] 3 SCR 217, 2005 SCC 63 (SCC) (child support where both parents have the children more than 40% of the time)
  • Friesen v. The Queen, 2022 TCC 53 (Canada Child Benefit where shared parenting)
  • Chartier v. Chartier, [1999] 1 SCR 242, 1999 CanLII 707 (SCC) (child support payable by a step-parent)
  • Drygala v. Pauli, 2002 CanLII 41868 (ON CA) (section 19 of the Guidelines, intentional underemployment)
  • DiFrancesco v. Coutu, 2001 CanLII 8613 (ON CA) (rescission of arrears)
  • Senos v. Karcz, 2014 ONCA 459 (CanLII) (child support for Ontario Disability Support Program recipients)

Spousal Support:

  • Miglin v. Miglin, [2003] 1 SCR 303, 2003 SCC 24 (CanLII) (spousal support in the face of a spousal support release)
  • Fisher v. Fisher, 2008 ONCA 11 (CanLII) (Spousal Support Advisory Guidelines)
  • Bracklow v. Bracklow, [1999] 1 SCR 420, 1999 CanLII 715 (SCC) (entitlement to spousal support)
  • Boston v. Boston, [2001] 2 SCR 413, 2001 SCC 43 (CanLII) (pensions and “double dipping”)
  • Willick v. Willick, [1994] 3 SCR 670, 1994 CanLII 28 (SCC) (variation of support orders, material change in circumstances)
  • Moge v. Moge, [1992] 3 SCR 813, 1992 CanLII 25 (SCC) (entitlement to spousal support, objectives of spousal support, self-sufficiency)
  • Davis v. Crawford, 2011 ONCA 294 (CanLII) (broadens the circumstances in which lump sum spousal support payments can be awarded)

Property:

  • Rawluk v. Rawluk, [1990] 1 SCR 70, 1990 CanLII 152 (SCC) (equalization of net family property, resulting trusts, constructive trusts)
  • Peter v. Beblow, [1993] 1 SCR 980, 1993 CanLII 126 (SCC) (constructive trusts)
  • Best v. Best, [1999] 2 SCR 868, 1999 CanLII 700 (SCC) (valuation of pensions)
  • Serra v. Serra, 2009 ONCA 105 (CanLII) (unequal division of net family property)
  • LeVan v. LeVan, 2008 ONCA 388 (CanLII) (setting aside domestic contracts, unequal division of net family property)
  • Kerr v. Baranow, [2011] 1 SCR 269, 2011 SCC 10 (CanLII) (clarifies the law on constructive and resulting trusts and unjust enrichment on the breakdown of domestic partnerships)
  • Virc v. Blair, 2017 ONCA 394 (fair valuation of assets is part of duty of disclosure)

Motions to Change/Variations:

  • Willick v. Willick [1994] 3 SCR. 670, 1994 CanLII 28 (SCC) (variation of support orders, material change in circumstances)
  • M.P. v. L.S., [2011] 3 SCR 775, 2011 SCC 64 (CanLII) (variation of spousal support orders, material change in circumstances)

Separation Agreements and Disclosure Obligations:

  • Rick v. Brandsema, [2009] 1 SCR 295, 2009 SCC 10 (CanLII) (separation agreements, unconscionability)
  • Marinangeli v. Marinangeli, 2003 CanLII 27673 (ON CA) (minutes of settlement, child support, material change of circumstances)

Summary Judgment Motions:

  • Hryniak v. Mauldin, [2014] 1 SCR 87, 2014 SCC 7 (CanLII) (summary judgment motions, purpose of summary judgment motions, access to justice, proportionality)

Hague Convention on International Child Abduction

  • Office of the Children’s Lawyer v. John Paul Balev, et al., 2017 CanLII 23874 (SCC) (interpretation of “habitual residence” under the Convention; best interests of the child; intentions of caregivers)

Hague Convention on Service

  • Wang v. Lin, 2016 ONSC 3967 (CanLII) (applicability of Hague Convention on Service, requirements for service of family law documents outside of Canada)

Urgent Motions

  • Rosen v. Rosen, 2005 CanLII 480 (ON SC) (definition of urgency; requirements for establishing urgency)

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in child protection matters

Legislation

Roster members should have knowledge of the following legislation:

  • United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Can. T.S. 1992, No. 3
  • Child, Youth and Family Services Act, 2017, S.O. 2017, c. 14, Schedule 1, and Regulations
  • An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families, S.C. 2019, c. 24
  • Divorce Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 3 (2nd Supp.), as amended
  • Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5
  • The Constitution Act, 1982, Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c. 11

Significant Leading and Current Jurisprudence

Roster members who are authorized to provide child protection law services must be familiar with significant leading and current child protection law jurisprudence.

The following list highlights several important cases that such roster members should review:

Charter of Rights

  • New Brunswick (Minister of Health and Community Services) v. G. (J.), 1999 CanLII 653, [1999] 3 SCR 46 (whether indigent parents have constitutional right to state-funded counsel when government seeks to remove from them custody of their children)

Standard of Review

  • J.T. v. J.D., 2022 SCC 24 (standard of review to be applied by appeal courts in child protection cases)

Best Interests of Indigenous Children

  • Windsor-Essex Children’s Aid Society v. E.W., 2020 ONCA 682 (whether Indigenous children’s best interests are statutorily entitled to special consideration)

Access

  • Official Guardian v. Strobridge, 1994 CanLII 875 (ON CA) (delegating determination of access to independent third party)
  • Children’s Aid Society of Toronto v. J.G., 2020 ONCA 415 (access to child in extended care – comparison of best interests analysis under CYFSA and previous stricter test under repealed Child and Family Services Act)
  • Kawartha-Haliburton Children’s Aid Society v. M.W, 2019 ONCA 316 (test for access to children in extended care with special consideration to indigenous children; proper approach to summary judgment)

Summary Judgment

  • M. v. Peel Children’s Aid Society, 2019 ONCA 841 (summary judgment test, interpretation of best interests and of access holder and access recipient)

Costs against Children’s Aid Societies

  • Hastings Children’s Aid Society v. J.L., 2012 ONCJ 362

Warrantless Searches

  • v. Frey, 2020 ONCJ 83 (warrantless search by CAS leading to criminal search warrant and criminal charges)

Customary care agreement

  • Children’s Aid Society of Brant v. R.P., 2019 ONCJ 649 (customary care agreement and application of five-day hearing requirement after apprehension)

Evidence

  • Ogwadeni:deo Six Nations Child Welfare v. K.L.H., 2021 ONCJ 339 (problem with expert evidence)
  • Children’s Aid Society of London and Middlesex v. C.B and L.B., 2011 ONSC 5853 (whether mediator of closed mediation can testify at child protection trial)

Parties

  • M. v. Valoris Pour Enfants et Adultes de Prescott-Russell, 2017 ONCA 601 (whether foster parent should be added as party)

Reports and Articles

Other relevant material includes the following:

Report of the Motherisk Hair Analysis review (The Honourable Susan E. Lang)

http://m-hair.ca/docs/default-source/default-document-library/motherisk_enbfb30b45b7f266cc881aff0000960f99.pdf

Provincial and Territorial Child Protection Legislation and Policy 2018 (Comparisons)

https://www.canlii.org/en/commentary/doc/2018CanLIIDocs11074?zoupio-debug#!fragment/zoupio-_Tocpdf_bk_5/(hash:(chunk:(anchorText:zoupio-_Tocpdf_bk_5),notesQuery:”,scrollChunk:!n,searchQuery:/27013-current-1,searchSortBy:RELEVANCE,tab:search))

Department of Justice Canada, Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Children’s Participatory Rights in Canada, by Nicholas Bala and Claire Houston (Ottawa: Department of Justice, 2015)

https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/other-autre/article12/index.html

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in general criminal law matters

Legislation

Roster members should have knowledge of the following legislation:

Canadian Evidence Act

Cannabis Act

Contraventions Act

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act

Criminal Code of Canada

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Corrections and Conditional Release Act and Regulations

Courts of Justice Act

Criminal Records Act and Regulations

DNA Identification Act

Extradition Act

Firearms Act

Highway Traffic Act

Identification of Criminals Act

Interpretation Act

Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act

Prisons and Reformatories Act

Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act

Provincial Offences Act

Seized Property Management Act (and Regulations)

Sex Offender Information Registration Act

Court Rules

Criminal Rules of the Ontario Court of Justice

Criminal Proceedings Rules of the Superior Court of Justice

Criminal Appeal Rules

Ontario court protocols and practice directions

Significant Leading and Current Jurisprudence

Roster members who are authorized to provide criminal law services must be familiar with significant leading and current criminal law jurisprudence.

The following list highlights several important cases that criminal lawyers should review:

Classification of Offences and Trial Jurisdiction

Election

Summary Conviction/Indictable Proceedings

  1. v. Dudley, 2009 SCC 58

Libman v. R., 1985 CanLII 51 ((S.C.C.)

Investigative Powers

Arrest

Fleming v. Ontario, 2019 SCC 45

  1. v. Storrey, 1990 CanLII 125 (S.C.C.)

Entry of premises

  1. v. Evans, 1996 CanLII 248 (S.C.C.)

Search and seizure

Hunter v. Southam Inc., 1984 CanLII 33 (S.C.C.)

  1. v. Collins, 1987 CanLII 84 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Edwards, 1996 CanLII 255 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Belnavis, 1997 CanLII 320 (S.C.C.)
  4. v. Telus Communications Company, 100 C.R. (6th) 290 (S.C.C.)
  5. v. Jones, 2017 SCC 60
  6. v. Patrick, 2009 SCC 17

Search warrants

  1. v. Griffith, 2021 ONCA 302
  2. v. Pileggi, 2021 ONCA 4
  3. v.Debot, 1989 CanLII 13 (S.C.C.)
  4. v. Brown, 2021 ONCA 119
  5. v. Garofoli, 1990 CanLII 52 (S.C.C.)
  6. v. Plant, 1993 CanLII 70 (S.C.C.)
  7. v. Morelli, 2010 SCC 8

Blood samples

  1. v. Laba, 1994 CanLII 41 (S.C.C.)

Review of search warrants

General warrant

R. v. Ha, 2009 ONCA 340 (Ont.C.A.), leave to appeal refused, 2009 CanLII 63926 (S.C.C.)

  1. v. Villaroman, 2018 ABCA 220

Tracking Device Warrants

  1. v. Wise, 1992 CanLII 125 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Edwards, 2014 ONSC 6323

Transmission Data Recorder Warrants

  1. v. Cody, 2007 QCCA 1276
  2. v. Nguyen, 2004 BCSC 76

DNA Warrants

  1. v. Rodgers, 2006 SCC 15R. v. Beare, 1988 CanLII 126 (S.C.C.)

Wiretaps

  1. v. Garofoli, 1988 CanLII 3270, rev’d 1990 CanLII 52 (S.C.C.)
  2. .v. Dersch, 1990 CanLII 3820 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Crevier, 2015 ONCA 619
  4. v. Green, 2015 ONCA 579 R. v. Lising, 2005 SCC 66

s.8 and 24(2)

Warrantless searches

  1. v. Boulanger, 2022 SCC 2
  2. v. Nolet, 2010 SCC 24
  3. v. Canfield, 2020 ABCA 383
  4. v. Vu, 2013 SCC 60
  5. v. Fearon, 2014 SCC 77
  6. v. Al-Askari, 2021 ABCA 204
  7. v. Hudson, 2005 SCC 34
  8. v. Caslake, 1998 CanLII 838 (S.C.C.)
  9. v. Golden, 2001 SCC 83
  10. v. Saeed, 2016 SCC 24

consent searches

  1. v. Stairs, 2022 SCC 11

-investigation and questioning of suspects

  1. v. Simpson, 1993 CanLII 3379 (Ont.C.A.)
  2. v. Mann, 2004 SCC 52
  3. v. Le, 2019 SCC 34
  4. v. Thomson, 2020 ONCA 264

voluntariness

  1. v. Oickle, 2000 SCC 38R. v. Moore-McFarlane, 2001 CanLII 6363 (Ont.C.A.)

detention

  1. v. Therens, 1985 CanLII 29 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Thomsen, 1988 CanLII 73 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Grant, 66 C.R.(6th) 1 (S.C.C.)

s.10(a) Rights

  1. v. Evans, 1991 CanLII 98 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Borden, 1994 CanLII 63 (S.C.C.)
  3. 10(b) (Right to Counsel)
  4. v. Thompson, 2020 ONCA 264
  5. v. Tutu, 2021 ONCA 805
  6. v. Mann, 2021 ONCA 103
  7. v. Brydges, 1990 CanLII 123 (S.C.C.)
  8. v. Bartle, 1994 CanLII 64 (S.C.C.)
  9. v. Prosper, 1994 CanLII 40 (S.C.C.)
  10. v. Manninen, 1987 CanLII 67 (S.C.C.)
  11. v. Willier, 2010 SCC 37
  12. v. Sinclair, 2010 SCC 35
  13. v. McCrimmon, 2010 SCC 36
  14. v. Leclair, 1989 CanLII 134 (S.C.C.)

Right to silence

  1. v. Hebert (1990), 77 C.R.(3d) 145 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Singh (2007), 51 C.R.(6th) 199 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. McCrimmon, 2010 SCC 36
  4. v. Sinclair, 2010 SCC 35
  5. v. Henry, 2005 SCC 76 (1988), 68 C.R. (3d) 123 (Ont.C.A.)
  6. v. Nedelcu, 2012 SCC 59
  7. v. Noel, 2002 SCC 67

s.15 equality rights

Andrews v. Law Society of British Columbia, 1989 CanLII 2 (S.C.C.)

Pre-Trial Release

Bail Hearings

Antic, 2017 SCC 27

  1. v. E.B., 2020 ONSC 4383
  2. v. L.W.B., 2021 ONSC 6152
  3. v. Ismail, 2020 ONSC 5519
  4. v. Elliott, 2020 ONSC 2976
  5. v. J.L., 2020 ONSC 3038

Bail Reviews

St-Cloud, 2015 SCC 27

Myers, 2019 SCC 18

Zora, 2020 SCC 14

Disclosure

  1. v. Stinchcombe, 1991 CanLII 45, [1991] 3 S.C.R. 326
  2. v. McNeil, 2009 SCC 3
  3. v. Quesnelle, 2014 SCC 46
  4. v. O’Connor, 1995 CanLII 51, 44 C.R.(4th) 1 (S.C.C.)
  5. v. Mills, 1999 CanLII 637, 28 C.R.(5th) 207 (S.C.C.)
  6. v. Carosella, 1997 CanLII 402, 4 C.R.(5th) 139 (S.C.C.)

Third Party Records

  1. v. J.J., 2022 SCC 28

Preliminary Inquiries

Test on Committal

  • United States of America v. Shephard, 1976 CanLII 8 (SCC), [1977] 2 SCR 1067
  • v. Arcuri, 2001 SCC 54, 44 C.R.(5th) 213 (S.C.C.)
  • Mezzo v. R., 1986 CanLII 116, 52 C.R. (3d) 113 (S.C.C.)
  • v. Monteleone, 1987 CanLII 16, 59 C.R.(3d) 97 (S.C.C.)
  • v. Deschamplain, 2004 SCC 76, 196 C.C.C.(3d) 1 (S.C.C.)
  • v. Sazant, 2004 SCC 77
  • R. v. S., 2019 ONCA 906

Pre-trial Applications in Criminal Proceedings

Constitutional Applications

Challenging legislation (s.52(1))

  1. v. Lloyd, 2016 SCC 13
  2. v. Nur, 2015 SCC 15

Oakes, 1986 CanLII 46,  50 C.R.(3d) 1(S.C.C.)

  1. v. Ferguson, 2008 SCC 6, [2008] 1 S.C.R. 96 (S.C.C.)

Ontario (Attorney General) v. G., 2020 SCC 38

Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford, 2013 SCC 72, [2013] 3 S.C.R. 1101

Carter v. Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 5, [2015] 1 S.C.R. 331

Court of Competent Jurisdiction (s.24)

Mills v. R., 1986 CanLII 17, 52 C.R. (3d) 1 (S.C.C.)

Mooring v. Canada (National Parole Board), 1996 CanLII 254 (S.C.C.)

  1. v. Hynes, 2001 SCC 82 (S.C.C.)

Exclusion of Evidence (s.24(2))

  1. v. Grant, 2009 SCC 32 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Harrison, 2009 SCC 34, 66 C.R.(6th) 105 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Suberu, 2009 SCC 33 (S.C.C.)
  4. v. Collins, 1987 CanLII 84 (S.C.C.)

Applications to stay proceedings for unreasonable delay (s.11(b))

  1. v. Jordan, 2016 SCC 27
  2. v. K.G.K., 2020 SCC 7 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Ste Marie, 2022 SCC 3
  4. v. Charity, 2022 ONCA 226
  5. v Boulanger, 2022 SCC 2

Stay of Proceedings for Abuse of Process (s.24(1))

  1. v. Zarinchang, 2010 ONCA 286 (Ont.C.A.) rev’g 2007, ONCJ 470 (Ont.C.J.)
  2. v. Power, 1994 CanLII 126

Sentence Reduction

  • v. Nasogaluak, 2010 SCC 6, 251 C.C.C.(3d) 293 (S.C.C.)

Mental Disorder

For detailed roster standards, refer to the forensic mental health roster standards

Assessments

  1. v. John Doe, 2011 ONSC 92 (Ont.S.C.J.)
  2. v. Capano, 2014 ONCA 599

Fitness to stand trial

  1. v. Taylor, 1992 CanLII 7412, 17 C.R. (4th) 371 (Ont.C.A.)
  2. v. Morrissey, 2002 CanLI 20074, 169 C.C.C.(3d) 256 (Ont.S.C.J.)

Defence of mental disorder

  1. v. Swain, 1991 CanLII 104, 5 C.R. (4th) 253 (S.C.C.)

Winko v. British Columbia (Forensic Psychiatric Institute, 1999 CanLII 694, [1999] S.C.J. No. 31

Protected statements

  1. v. G.(B.), 1999 CanLII 690, (1999), 135 C.C.C.(3d) 303 (S.C.C.)

Post-verdict sentencing

  1. v. Priorello, 2012 ONCA 63
  2. v. Batisse, 2009 CarswellOnt 580 (C.A.)

The trial

  1. v. Garofoli, 1988 CanLII 3270 (Ont. C.A.), revd on other grounds 1990 CanLII 52 (S.C.C.).
  2. v. T. (R.), 1992 CanLII 2834 (Ont. C.A.)
  3. v. Davis, 2020 ONCA 326 (Ont. C.A.),

Expert evidence

  1. v. Mohan, 1994 CanLII 80 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Abbey, 2009 ONCA 97
  3. v. Abbey, 2017 ONCA 640
  4. v. Sekhon, 2014 SCC 15
  5. v. Graat, 2014 SCC 15

White Burgess v. Abbott and Haliburton Co., 2015 SCC 23

Confessions

Oickle, 2000 SCC 38

Charge to Jury

W.D., 1991 CanLII 93, 63 C.C.C.(3d) 397, 3 C.R.(4th) 302 (S.C.C.)

Directed verdicts

  1. v. Rowbotham, 1993 CanLII 56, 85 C.C.C. (3d) 575n, additional reasons 1994 CanlI 93, 90 C.C.C. (3d) 449 (S.C.C.).
  2. v. Charemski, 1998 CanLII 819, 123 C.C.C. (3d) 225 (S.C.C.).

Mistrial

  1. v. Chiasson,2009 ONCA 789
  2. v. Burke, [2002] 2 S.C.R. 857

Section 276

  1. v. Seaboyer, 1991 CanII 76, 7 C.R.(4th) 117 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Darrach, 2000 SCC 46
  3. v. R.V., 2019 SCC 41

Defences

Self defence (ss.34-42)

  1. v. Khill 2021 SCC 37
  2. v. Evans, 2015 BCCA 46
  3. v. Bengy, 2015 ONCA 397

Green c. R., 2015 QCCA 2109

Consent

  1. v. Jobidon

Lack of Mens rea

  1. v. Zora, 2020 SCC 14

Intoxication

  1. v. Brown, 2022 SCC 18
  2. v. Sullivan, 2022 SCC 19

Corbett Applications

  1. v. Corbett, 1988 CanLII 80, [1988] 1 SCR. 670

Confessions Rule

  1. v. Oickle, 2000 SCC 38, [2000] 2 SCR 3

Sexual Offences

Capacity to Consent

  1. v. Barton, 2019 SCC 33
  2. v. J.A., 2011 SCC 28
  3. v. G.F., 2021 SCC 20
  4. v. C.P., 2021 SCC 19

Jury Selection

Chouhan, 2021 SCC 26

Trial Proceedings

Trial conduct

            Boucher v. The Queen, 1954 CanLII 3, 110 C.C.C. 263 (S.C.C.)

Sentencing

Secondary consequences of guilty pleas/sentences

R .v. Quick, 2016 ONCA 95

  1. .v. Wong, 2018 SCC 25

Tran v. Canada (Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness), 2017 SCC 50, [2017] 2 S.C.R. 289

  1. v. V.N., 2022 ONCA 31
  • Considerations for Racialized clients
  1. v. Morris, 2021 ONCA 680
  • Indigenous Clients

For a detailed list, please refer to Gladue roster standards

  1. v. Gladue, 1999 CanLII 679, [199] 1 S.C.R. 688
  2. v. Ipeelee, 2012 SCC 13
  3. v. Robinson, 2009 ONCA 205
  4. v. Hope, 2016 ONCA 648

Availability of non-custodial sentences

Availability of Conditional Sentences

  1. v. Sharma, 2020 ONCA 478, (Application for Leave) Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada v. Cheyenne Sharma, 2021 CanLII 1101

Pre-sentence Credit

  1. v. Summers, 2014 SCC 26
  2. v. Duncan, 2016 ONCA 7540
  3. v. Downes, 2006 CanLII 3957 (Ont. C.A.)
  4. v. Marshall, 2021 ONCA 344
  5. v. Safarzadeh‑Markhali, 2016 SCC 14

Kienapple v. R., 1974 CanLII 14, [1975] 1 SCR 729

  1. v. Prince, 1986 CanLII 40

Indigenous Peoples and the Criminal Justice system

For more details, please refer to the

Gladue, 1999 CanLII 679, 133 C.C.C.(3d) 385 (S.C.C.)

Hope, 2016 ONCA 648

Dangerous Offenders

Boutilier, 2017 SCC 64

Post Sentencing

Parole Eligibility

Shropshire, 1995 CanLII 47, 102 C.C.C.(3d) 193, 43 C.R.(4th) 269 (S.C.C.)

Dell, 2018 ONCA 674, 364 C.C.C. (3d) 419, leave to appeal refused, [2018] S.C.C.A. No. 389

  1. v. Liu, 2022 ONCA 460

Human Trafficking

  1. v. Reginald Louis Jean, 2020 ONSC 624 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  2. v. Ahmed et al., 2019 ONSC 4822 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  3. v. D’Souza, 2016 ONSC 2749 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  4. v. Joseph, 2020 ONCA 733 (Ont. C.A.)

Other Criminal Law Resources

Eugene E Ewaschuk, Criminal Pleadings and Practice in Canada, 2d ed (Toronto: Canada Law Book, 1988). •

Peter K McWilliams & S Casey Hill, McWilliam’s Canadian Criminal Evidence, 4th ed (Toronto: Canada Law Book, 2003). •

David Watt, Watt’s Manual of Criminal Evidence (Toronto: Carswell, 1998). •

R Paul Nadin-Davis & Clarey B Sproule, eds, Canadian Sentencing Digest Quantum Service (Toronto: Carswell, 1988) (also available on e-carswell).

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in health law consent and capacity matters

Legislation

Substitute Decisions Act

O.Reg. 26/95

O.Reg. 99/96

O.Reg. 100/96, Accounts and Records of Attorneys and Guardians

O.Reg. 460/05, Capacity Assessments

Powers of Attorney Act

Health Care Consent Act

O.Reg. 104/96, Evaluators

Forms

Mental Health Act

General – R.R.O. 1990, Reg.741

Forms

Personal Health Information Protection Act

O.Reg.329/04

Forms

Mandatory Blood Testing Act

General – O.Reg. 449/07

Statutory Powers Procedure Act

Court Rules

Rules of Practice 2019, Consent and Capacity Board

Policy Guidelines 1-4

Superior Court of Justice, Rules, Policies and Practice Directions

Significant Leading and Current Jurisprudence

Starson v. Swayze, [2003] S.C.J. No. 33 (S.C.C.)

Daugherty v. Stall, [2002] O.J. No. 4715 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Reibl v. Hughes, [1980] S.C.J. No. 105 (S.C.C.)

Hopp v. Lepp, [1980] S.C.J. No. 57 (S.C.C.)

M.(A.) v. Benes, [1999] O.J. No. 4236 (Ont. C.A.)

Fleming v. Reid, [1991] O.J .No. 1083 (Ont. C.A.)

Re Koch, [1997] O.J. No. 1487 (Ont.Gen.Div.)

T.(I.) v. L.(L.), [1999] O.J. No. 4237 (Ont. C.A.)

Gajewski v. Wilkie, 2014 ONCA 897 (Ont. C.A.)

Gligorevic v. McMaster (2012), 109 O.R. (3d) 321 (Ont. C.A.)

Morwald-Benevides v. Benevides, 2019 ONCA 1023

  1. v. Conway, 2010 SCC 22 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. LePage, [2006] O.J. No. 4486 (Ont. C.A.)

V.(W.,) v. Strike, 2018 ONSC 1263

Woods v. Chatterjee, 2018 ONSC 73

Paluska v. Cava, [2001] O.J. No. 4010 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Malette v. Shulman, [1990] O.J. No. 450 (Ont. C.A.)

Rasouli (Litigation Guardian of) v. Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, [2011] O.J. No. 2984 (Ont.C.A.)

Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v Vavilov, 2019 SCC 65

Material for review by roster members authorized to provide legal aid services in extremely serious criminal law matters

ESM covers the following offences.

Murder  (s.235)

Conspiracy to Murder (s.465(1)(a))

Criminal Negligence causing Death (firearm)  (s.220(a))

Manslaughter (Firearm) (s.236(a))

Attempt Murder (Firearm) (s.239(a))

Causing Bodily Harm with Intent (Firearm) (s.244)

Sexual Assault (Firearm) (s.272(s)(a))

Aggravated Sexual Assault (Firearm) (s.273(2)(a))

Kidnapping (Firearm) (s.279(1.1)(a))

Hostage-taking (Firearm) (s.279(1.2)(a))

Robbery (Firearm) (s.344(a))

Extortion (Firearm) (s.346(1.1.))

Commission of Offence for Terrorist Group

Instruct to Carry out Activity for Terrorist Group

Instruct to Carry out Terrorist Activity

Dangerous Offender Proceedings

Cases with a Mandatory Minimum of four years or more

Legislation

Roster members should have knowledge of the following legislation:

Canadian Evidence Act

Cannabis Act

Contraventions Act

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act

Criminal Code of Canada

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Corrections and Conditional Release Act and Regulations

Courts of Justice Act

Criminal Records Act and Regulations

DNA Identification Act

Extradition Act

Firearms Act

Highway Traffic Act

Identification of Criminals Act

Interpretation Act

Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act

Prisons and Reformatories Act

Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act

Provincial Offences Act

Seized Property Management Act (and Regulations)

Sex Offender Information Registration Act

Court Rules

Criminal Rules of the Ontario Court of Justice

Criminal Proceedings Rules of the Superior Court of Justice

Criminal Appeal Rules

Ontario court protocols and practice directions

Murder

McKenna v. R., 2018 NBCA 30, leave to appeal refused 2018 S.C.C.A. No. 338

  1. v. Pickton, 2010 SCC 32
  2. v. Smithers, [1978] 1 S.C.R. 506, 1977 CarswellOnt 25
  3. v. Nette, 2001 SCC 78, 158 C.C.C. (3d) 486
  4. c. Vaillancourt, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 636
  5. v. Martineau, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 633
  6. v. Sit, [1991] 3 S.C.R. 124, 1991 CarswellOnt 1027
  7. v. LaFrance, 2022 SCC 32

Criminal Negligence

  1. v. F. (J.), 2008 SCC 60
  2. v. Tutton, [1989] 1 S.C.R. 139
  3. c. Javanmardi, 2019 SCC 54
  4. v. Malkowski, 2015 ONCA 887 (Ont.C.A.)
  5. v. Beatty, 2008 SCC 5

Manslaughter

  1. v. R. (M.), 2011 ONCA 190
  2. c. Javanmardi, 2019 SCC 54
  3. v. Maybin, 2012 SCC 24
  4. v. Creighton, [1993] 3 S.C.R. 3
  5. v. Mack, 1975 CarswellAlta 24 (Alta C.A.)

Attempt Murder

  1. v. Ritchie, [1970] 3 O.R. 417 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused [1970] 5 C.C.C. 336 (S.C.C.)
  2. v. Ancio, [1984] 1 S.C.R. 225 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Sarrazin, 2010 ONCA 577 (Ont. C.A.)
  4. v. Boudreau, 2005 NSCA 40
  5. v. Goldberg, 2014 BCCA 313
  6. v. Rodgerson, 2015 SCC 38
  7. v. Chouhan, 2021 SCC 26
  8. v. Sherratt, [1991] 1 S.C.R. 509
  9. v. Williams, [1998] 1 S.C.R. 1128
  10. v. Find, 2001 SCC 32
  11. v. Spence, 2005 SCC 71

Sexual Assault

  1. v. H.W., 2022 ONCA 15
  2. v. Ewanchuk (1999), 131 C.C.C. (3d) 481 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. R.V., 2021 SCC 10
  4. v. L. (S.), 2013 ONCA 1311 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal to S.C.C. refused [2013] S.C.C.A. No. 218 (S.C.C.)
  5. v. Pappajohn (1980), 52 C.C.C. (2d) 481 (S.C.C.)
  6. v. Sansregret (1985), 18 C.C.C. (3d) 223 (S.C.C.)
  7. v. Osolin (1993), 86 C.C.C. (3d) 481 (S.C.C.)
  8. v. Cuerrier (1998), 127 C.C.C. (3d) 1 (S.C.C.).
  9. v. S. (F.) (2006), 262 C.C.C. (3d) 472 (Ont. C.A.).
  10. v. Boone, 2019 ONCA 652 (Ont. C.A.)
  11. v. Mills (1999), 139 C.C.C. (3d) 321 (S.C.C.).
  12. v. Shearing (2002), 165 C.C.C. (3d) 225 (S.C.C.)
  13. v. M. (L.), [2008] 2 S.C.R. 163, 231 C.C.C. (3d) 310
  14. v. Payne, 2001 CanLII 28422 (Ont. S.C.J.).
  15. v. S. (T.R.), 2009 BCCA 345
  16. v. D. (F.E.) (2007), 222 C.C.C. (3d) 373 (Ont. C.A.)
  17. v. Kakekagamick (2006), 211 C.C.C. (3d) 289 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused 2007 CarswellOnt 3063, 2007 CarswellOnt 3064 (S.C.C.)
  18. v. Wells (2000), 141 C.C.C. (3d) 368 (S.C.C.)
  19. v. Friesen (2020), 391 C.C.C. (3d) 309, 444 D.L.R. (4th) 1 (S.C.C.).

Seaboyer

  1. v. Goldfinch, 2019 SCC 38
  2. v. R.V., 2019 SCC 41
  3. v. Barton, 2019 CSC 33

Third Party Records

  1. v. J.J., 2022 SCC 28,

Kidnapping

  1. v. Hernandez, (sub nom.R. v. Vu), 2012 SCC 40
  2. v. Gratton, 1985 CarswellOnt 1386 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused [1985] 1 S.C.R. viii (note), 18 C.C.C. (3d) 462n.
  3. v. Tremblay, 1997 CarswellQue 460 (Que. C.A.), 117 C.C.C. (3d) 86.

Extortion

  1. v. Blake, 2005 CarswellOnt 4269 (Ont. C.A.), 32 C.R. (6th) 159, (sub nomR. v. Alexander) 206 C.C.C. (3d) 233, leave to appeal refused, [2006] 1 S.C.R. v (note), 2006 CarswellOnt 1192, 206 C.C.C. (3d) 233 (note)
  2. v. Karimi, 2014 ONCA 320, leave to appeal refused [2014] S.C.C.A. No. 204

Terrorism

  1. v. Ali, 2019 ONCA 1006
  2. v. Hersi, 2019 ONCA 94
  3. v. Nuttall, 2018 BCCA 479
  4. v. Hamdan, 2017 BCSC 1770
  5. v. Khawaja, 2012 SCC 69

Robbery with a Firearm

  1. v. Hilbach,2020 ABCA 332
  2. v. Goard,2014 ONSC 2215

Conspiracy

  1. v. Carter, [1982] 1 S.C.R. 938
  2. v. Kler, 2017 ONCA 64

Dangerous Offenders

  1. v. Boutillier, 2017 SCC 64
  2. v. Lyons(1987), 37 C.C.C.(3d) 1 (S.C.C.)
  3. v. Milne(1987), 38 C.C.C.(3d) 503 (S.C.C.)
  4. v. Sharif, 2011 BCCA 83
  5. v. Currie (1997), 115 C.C.C. (3d) 205 (S.C.C.)
  6. v. Johnson (2003), 177 C.C.C. (3d) 97 (S.C.C.)
  7. v. Gow (2010), 259 C.C.C. (3d) 364 (Alta. Q.B.)
  8. v. Vetrovec, [1982] 1 S.C.R. 811(S.C.C.)
  9. v. Bevan, [1993] S.C.J. No. 69 (S.C.C.)
  10. v. Brooks, 2000 SCC 11
  11. v. Handy, 2002 SCC 56
  12. v. Reitsma, [1997] B.C.J. No. 2314 (B.C. C.A.), affirmed [1998] S.C.J. No. 38 (S.C.C.)
  13. v. Burke, [1996] 1 S.C.R. 474
  14. v. Miaponoose (1996), 110 C.C.C. (3d) 445 (Ont. C.A.)
  15. v. Malcolm (1993),81 C.C.C. (3d) 196 (Ont. C.A.)
  16. v.Bissonnette, 2022 SCC 23

Mandatory Minimums

  1. v. Goltz, [1991] S.C.J. No. 90
  2. v. Morrissey, [2000] S.C.J. No. 39
  3. v. Nur, [2015] S.C.J. No. 14
  4. v. Lloyd, 2016 SCC 13
  5. v. Forcillo, 2018 ONCA 412
  6. v. Ferguson, [2008] S.C.J. No. 6

Human Trafficking

  1. v. Reginald Louis Jean, 2020 ONSC 624 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  2. v. Ahmed et al., 2019 ONSC 4822 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  3. v. D’Souza, 2016 ONSC 2749 (Ont. S.C.J.)
  4. v. Joseph, 2020 ONCA 733 (Ont. C.A.)

[1] http://www.orb.on.ca/scripts/en/legal/orb-rules.pdf